One of the uniqueness of human activity is the ability to transform the environment and create new structures. Even though all human activities are agreed not in a construction environment, only a few studies deal about a labor productivity based on an ergonomic approach. Construction project trends carry immense consequences for the economy as a whole. Labour productivity is one of the mainly significant factors affecting the overall performance of any association whether large or small organization. The studies assess the factors that affect labour productivity based on application of ergonomics. The chapter presents a preliminary survey of some principles driven by human ergonomics discipline, analyzing the role they play in the productivity process, in order to define a design methodology supporting the labor to create working and living area actually fitting the needs of inhabitants. The factors that affect the labour productivity are determined from literature study and using these factors conducting the questionnaire survey among the labours in various construction projects. The ranking of the factors will be done by Relative Important Index (RII) using the data’s the major factors completing the labour productivity comprise to be recognized from the results suitable suggestion will be given to the companies for improving their ergonomic techniques in worksite.
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